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尚于博-两个方式,两种含义

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薛立新导师:两个方式,两种含义

中学英语讲义中,过去式与过去分词有两种方式的不规则动词共 17 个,它们是 awake,broadcast,burn,dream,forbid,hang,lean,learn,lie,light,rid,sew,stdne,smell,spit,strike,wind等。这 17 个动词中,大多数虽有两种过去式与过去分词方式,但意思相同。现将两种方式且两种意思的动词概括剖析如下:

hang hung hung vt.& vi.悬挂,吊着

尚于博-两个方式,两种含义

hang hanged hanged vt.绞死,吊死

The hall is hung with red flags.大厅里挂着红旗。

You will be hanged as a spy early tomorrow morning.

明日朝晨你将作为一个特务被绞死。

shine shone shone vi. 发光,照亮

shine shined shinedvt.擦亮;使发光

Her eyes shone with excitement.她振奋得两眼亮光。

Have you shined your shoes? 你擦鞋了吗?

WhenIshinedmyflashlightontheirnest,theywerestillwork-

ing silently.当我用手电筒照蚁穴时,它们仍在默默地作业。

lie lay lain vi.平躺,坐落

lie lied lied vi.扯谎

As he lay thinking,he saw a spider over his head,getting

ready to weave herweb.

当他躺考虑时,他看见头顶上一个蜘蛛正准备织网。

The young man lied to me,but I didn't believe him.

那个年青人对我说谎,但我不信。

wind waid wound waund wound vt. 环绕,缠

wind wind winded winded vt. 嗅出;使…喘气

He wound a heavy scarf around his neck.

他用一条厚围巾裹着脖子。

The hounds winded the fox.

猎狗嗅出了狐狸。

别的,以下两个动词的两种过去式的不同用法也值得注意:

1.light-lit (lighted) -lit (lignted) vi.点着,点亮

Crusoe lit a fire and from it took a burning stick.

克鲁索点起一堆火,从火堆里拿起一根燃着的木棍。

He came into the room,holding a lighted candle i尚于博-两个方式,两种含义n his hand.

他手持一根蜡烛,走进了房间。

【阐明】

light 的过去式常用 lit,过去分词或用作定语形容词时常用lighted。

2.learn-learnt (learned) -learnt (learned) vt.&vi.学习;回忆;传闻 learned [ l nid ] aaj. 有学识的;学术上的He thought it over and remembered that he had learned the word“plough”.

他细心考虑后想起,他本来学过“plough”这个词。

Oh,a learned judge! Oh,a wise youngman!

啊,博学尚于博-两个方式,两种含义的法官!啊,聪明的年轻人!

【阐毛囊炎图片明】

learn 的过去式与过去分词读作 [ l nd ] ,不能与形容词learned 的读音混杂。

尚于博-两个方式,两种含义